Octavio Salles Photography

Photo Tours in Brazil

Posts Tagged ‘brazil’

Tropical colors!

Posted by campossallesfotografia on 19 de October de 2010

When I guide birdwatchers in the Atlantic Rainforest often the most wanted birds are the LBB’s, or the little brown birds. Endemics like the Salvadori’s Antwren, Serra do Mar Tapaculo, Slaty Bristlefront, Brown-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant, etc. However when I guide photographers things are radically different. They all focus on the most attractive species, the colorful ones – not necessarily the most rare ones. Fortunately some of these species often visit fruit feeders at lodges and house yards in the forest, and so they become easier targets for our lenses.

The gorgeous male Violaceous Euphonia below was photographed during a recent tour to Ubatuba, in the Atlantic Rainforest. I love how their back plumage graduates from violet to a deep blue with the right light. And the contrast with the rich yellow from underneath is amazing. When shooting rainforest birds I also find it very important to pick the right background color – green in this case.

Violaceous Euphonia

This was shot with a Nikon D700, Nikkor 600mm f/4 AF-S lens on a banana feeder setup.

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Jaguar Photo Tour announcement

Posted by campossallesfotografia on 3 de October de 2010

Jaguars of Brazil Photo Tour
September 25 to October 04, 2011
Limited to 10 participants

Join me on this very special photo tour to photograph one of the most elusive big cats in the world, the jaguar. Our destination will be the incredibly wildlife-rich Northern Pantanal, at the Meeting of the Waters State Park, a place growing in popularity today as, hands down, the most dependable place on Earth to see a wild jaguar. As a matter of fact we will very probably encounter several of these almost mythical cats.

Most jaguars are found at rivers shores, either resting or hunting. During a recent scouting trip our only one boat on this trip found 7 jaguars in only 3 1/2 days, photographing 5 of them in different situations/scenery. The most time we spent on a cat was around 3 hours (!!) and we really only left because it was getting dark. Average time with a cat varies a lot, but I’d say an average of 30 minutes to an hour. So what that means? Bring lots of memory cards! LOL

The greatest difference from my photo tour to a few others you will find out there to the same region is, basically, the structure I use. I am a professional photographer and I know the needs of a photographer, but I am also a brazilian, with years of experience in the Pantanal and a naturalist guide. I don’t need a second local guide to tell me what I’m looking at. I know all the birds and the mammals. I am familiar with the environment and I know that there are options. Lets make it clear: all other photo tours are organized by outsiders, people who, despite having good intentions, have been here maybe a few times at best and they don’t know the language nor the options.

But I know there are better options than what they use, is just a matter of planning and knowing where to look. My accomodations are infinitely better – clean spacious rooms with air conditioning, hot private shower, free internet access, great food, cozy living rooms and dining area and even a pool for that midday heat relief. And, most importantly, my boats are years ahead of what they use. I mean, these are stable, 19′ center console boats with good inside space to set the tripods and shoot freely from both sides of the boat without the constant fear of over $15,000 worth of gear falling overboard. Also, we are having a max of 2 photographers per boat (plus a jaguar-experienced boat captain), not 3.

Like the competition, our boats also have radios to communicate of a jaguar sigthing to other boats of the group, thus increasing the odds of everyone, but unlike the competition our boats are equipped with very fast 115hp engines, which means all the difference between getting to the action quickly or spending precious time riding a small unstable boat just to arrive and see that the cat is gone.

But back to our subjects, there are also many other great things to photograph, like family groups of giant otters, the smaller neotropical otter, the huge Jabiru Stork, all 5 South American kingfishers, capybaras, tapir, many hawks, etc. During the first couple of days of the tour we are also staying at a lodge along the famous Transpantaneira road where we will be able to photograph Hyacinth Macaws, toucans, araçaris, parrots and will be on the lookout for a giant anteater. The lodge also has an observation tower right near some trees where tame howler monkeys hang out.

Trip cost: US$ 6,899 per person
Included: Domestic flights, accomodation on dbl occupancy, all meals, ground transport, boat and captain, unlimited boat fuel, park fees, internet access, photo instruction, fully hosted trip.
Not included: International flights, overweight luggage fees, most drinks, phone calls, laundry, tips, trip insurance.

Contact me through my website if you are interested in this trip.

Photo: Milton Stamado

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Back from the Pantanal!

Posted by campossallesfotografia on 23 de September de 2010

Hi guys, I am now back from my 2nd. tour this year to the Pantanal. It was exceptionally dry due to the La Ninã effect in the Pacific Ocean, so for that reason the Rio Negro was very low and some animals that are usually very abundant, like hawks, kingfishers and water birds, were less frequent than usual. But regardless of that we did get some very good shots. In Bonito we made some fantastic shots of the flying Red-and-green Macaws, once again proving that time spent there means several amazing shots.

I am just starting to go through my photos, but so far I really liked this… the motion blur adds life and speed to the image… and believe me, these macaws fly real fast! Where else on Earth do you have the realistic chance of photograhing scenes like this during a short stay? Next years trip is already online.

D700, Nikkor 600mm f/4, 1/80 @ f/10 - ISO 200

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Seed dispersers

Posted by campossallesfotografia on 19 de August de 2010

Seed dispersion in natural habitats has always been a topic of interest to me. Some of the relationships between fauna and plants is really interesting. For example take the huge Brazil Nut tree, native to the Amazon. The only animal capable of opening up its incredibly hard shells to reach the seeds inside is the small Agouti. Without them, the seeds would never reach the outside world and thus would never germinate. But the story starts with one specific kind of orchid that thrive only in healthy primary rainforests. This orchid produces a scent that a certain species of bee needs to use in order to attract females for reproduction. This bee is the only one that will visit the Brazil Nut flowers and thus pollinize it. So without the orchid there would be no bees, without the bees the tree would never accomplish reproduction and would never produce fruits and seeds. This is the reason why Brazil Nut trees planted in cities never fruit. They are too far from primary forest where there are bees and orchids.

But back to the small Agouti, once the hard shells fall explosively to the ground (you don’t want to stand below a fruiting Brazil Nut tree!), these rodents move in and start munching on the hard, inch thick shells. They reach the large seeds and eat a few but also bury some for later. Thankfully Agoutis don’t seem to have a good memory, because many seeds are buried and forgotten, germinating to maybe one day become the king of the rainforest. Agoutis do the same thing to disperse the seeds of the Acuri palm (the one it is feeding at the photo below). The Acuri is an extremelly important food item to macaws, specially the Hyacinth Macaw.

Azara's Agouti feeding on an Acuri palm fruit

Another extremelly important seed disperser, this time of smaller seeds, are the toucans and araçaris, such as this striking Chestnut-eared Araçari, a relatively common bird in the Pantanal and adjacent areas. Some of these seeds, such as those from the Açai palm (yes, the energetic drink) can only germinate after the pulp is digested by these birds and later the clean seed is regurgitated somewhere else far from the mother tree. Both photos here were made at the extensive garden and forest trails of the hotel we use in Bonito, during the first part of our Pantanal Tour.

Chestnut-eared Araçari

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Hyacinth Macaws

Posted by campossallesfotografia on 11 de August de 2010

The big Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) is, in my opinion, one of the most (if not THE most) beautiful parrots in the world. Seeying them flying in the wild for the first time is an experience you won’t forget. I remember when I saw my first ones, back in 1990 when I was only 10 years old, it was at the Paraguay River during a fishing trip.

Their native home range goes more or less from the Pantanal or nearby Bolivia all the way to southern Amazonia, passing through central Brazil. However, after many years of intensive bird collecting for the pet trade (a single bird can cost over US$ 20,000!), they have been almost extinct from central Brazil, with separate population in the NE (near Amazonia) and, especially, in the Pantanal. Pet trade collecting does not happen anymore in the Pantanal and so the bird is making a great comeback. In the Pantanal they are already common birds, frequent around the fazendas of the region. They are still considered an endangered species though. Estimates from 2003 say that are at least 5,000 birds in the Pantanal and 2,000 birds elsewhere. There may be more Hyacinth Macaws in captivity throughout the world.

Like other parrots, they often mate for life. Their nests are made in big natural tree holes, especially of the Manduvi tree, where 90% of their nests are found. The macaws may excavate the hole to make it bigger. The same hole may be used in another time by other species, like large owls, Muscovy Duck, hawks, toucans, etc.

They feed almost exclusively of very hard seeds, of the natives Acuri and Bocaiúva palms. These seeds (or small coconuts) are so hard that you will have a hard time trying to brake one with a hammer, but these guys can crack them very easily only using their powerful beaks.

I shot the short video below during our last photo tour to the Pantanal, at Fazenda Barranco Alto, a truly special place. The macaw’s nest is in a Manduvi tree. Also notice the huge Jabiru nest at the same tree!

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Pantanal Photo Tour – August 2011

Posted by campossallesfotografia on 4 de August de 2010

I am now officially announcing our next Pantanal photo tour for next year. This will be again at famous Fazenda Barranco Alto, a huge (and I mean it… 27,000 hectars!!) private property and private reserve located at the heart of Southern Pantanal, in one of the best areas of the country for varied wildlife, including Giant Anteater, Tapir, Marsh Deer, Giant River Otter and the occasional Jaguar or Puma. Birds abound too, with many nesting Hyacinth Macaws (largest parrot in the world!), Jabiru, Raptors, Kingfishers, Owls, you name it…

All of the guests who I have brought here fell immediately at home, as the resident staff is super friendly and you feel at home the minute you step out of the plane.

The group is for a maximum of only 8 photographers, which guarantees that we have the whole small lodge to ourselves and so all the boats and safari open vehicles 100% dedicated to us and our photography. To access the lodge’s private airstrip we are getting 2 chartered airplanes, which will leave us good space for extra baggage… you know what I mean, those “light” 500 and 600mm.

This time there will also be 2 leaders, to split us in groups and so better distribute activities. I will be one of course and the other will be my good friend and great photographer André Goldstein. He’s lived in the US for over 10 years and so speaks perfect english too.

Just like last year, we will finish our trip at a huge natural crater south of the Pantanal where gorgeous Red-and-green Macaws nest and fly around, providing amazing photo opportunities like the one below. August will be the peak of activity there, so we can expect a lot of birds flying (like every couple minutes or so).

To see more details please visit this link: http://www.octaviosalles.com.br/pantanal2011.html

Red-and-green Macaws playing in mid-air

Giant Anteater

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Wild Atlantic Rainforest

Posted by campossallesfotografia on 2 de August de 2010

I spent entire last week guiding a photographer to my favorite place in the Atlantic Rainforest, the private reserve Parque do Zizo, located in southern São Paulo State, about 3 hours from my home. The region is where the largest piece of Atlantic Rainforest remains. This is many thousands os square miles of intact, primary rainforest habitat. The private reserve borders a state reserve, which in turn borders another state reserve and so forth, so the whole area is well protected. It’s not unusual at all to see many tracks of large mammals on the trails, like tapirs and even jaguars or pumas, a sure sign that the place is helthy.

On previous visits I have seen and photographed some extremelly rare birds here, just behind the lodge, like the Buff-fronted Owl. This time we didn’t see any real rarity (although we did hear a Pavonine Cuckoo, a new bird to the reserve), but we more than compensated it with some great photos. We did see a huge Black Hawk-Eagle attacking something just behind the lodge, a great scene, but just to fast to be photographed.

One of the waterfalls of the reserve, surrounded by lush vegetation.

This pano was made with 4 images taken with my D700 and Nikkor 24mm f/2.8. It was stitched together by Photoshop CS5, which did and amazing job considering I wasn’t using a pano head (a regular ball head instead).

Olive-green Tanagers

The Olive-green Tanager is a bird always seen high up in the trees, in big monospecific groups. This time however they were coming to the feeder and I was able to set up different perches for them.

Yellow-fronted Woodpecker

Not your usual woodpecker! Besides being amazingly colorful, these guys eat mainly fruits instead of the usual insect larvae and such.

White-necked Thrush

These attractive thrushes are forest inhabitants, never venturing far from it. They are also quite wary, more wary and elusive than the common Rufous-bellied Thrush.

I will post more photos during the week.

Posted in Bird photography, Destinations, Trip reports | Tagged: , , , , , , | 4 Comments »

Photography workshop in the Atlantic Rainforest

Posted by campossallesfotografia on 22 de July de 2010

I just got back from a 3-day workshop at the Atlantic Rainforest of SE Brazil, near the town of Ubatuba, at the same place where we are going to for the extension tour of our Pantanal tour next September.

This was a post-processing workshop, focused on Lightroom 3 and Photoshop CS5, but of course we put a lot of photography in-between the classes. The weather was, quite frankly, horrible. It was drizzling constantly and very cold. At night I think temps got down to around 45º F (7º C). I know… that’s almost pleasant for you guys way up north, but for us tropical creatures, it’s nearly freezing.

But, everything has its positive sides. With the cloudy sky the light was just the way I like for rainforest photography: diffuse, even. Plants were nice and wet and even the drizzle made for interesting shots. This time of the year there is also a shortage of fruit in the forest, so several different species were coming to the feeders to feed on banana, papaya or guava. A banana wouldn’t last more than 15 minutes. So I set-up some natural-looking perches near the covered veranda of our lodge and we all had a very good time photographing these birds (and we kept dry!).

I have ventured into video editing just for fun and made this short clip. The footage was done by a client with a Canon 7D through a 300mm f/2.8 lens, while the photos are mine with my trusty Nikon D700 and Nikkor 600mm f/4 AF-S (some with a 1.4x TC).

Golden-winged Cacique

Cinnamon Tanager


This attractive species almost never visits feeders, so getting a good shot of one is difficult. This time however things were different and we all got good shots.

Brassy-breasted Tanager


This gorgeous little guy (a brazilian endemic) is another bird that never visits feeders. I guess food shortage in the forest is pretty bad this winter, because this guy was coming in all the time.

Blue Dacnis


If you live in a rainforest you just gotta get used with rain.

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Pantanal mornings

Posted by campossallesfotografia on 26 de June de 2010

I love mornings, the best time of the day. The air is fresh and clean and birds are super active. In the Pantanal this is specially true. You often wake up well before sunrise with the raucous choruses of Chaco Chachalacas, maybe followed by the lodge’s resident Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl somewhere at the garden and then the elusive Collared Forest-Falcon call echoing in the twilight. With the first sun rays showing in the horizon is time for the parrots and macaws to wake up, hundreds of them flying overhead towards their feeding grounds.

This morning the sunrise was quite nice and we shot a few frames with the wide angle lens. This was with a Nikon D700 and Nikkor 24mm f/2.8.

A few minutes later I found this Rufescent Tiger-Heron hunting for breakfast at the same wetland. I slowly approached it with a 600mm on and took some pics.

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White-eared Puffbird

Posted by campossallesfotografia on 1 de June de 2010

Just one more photo from Guainumbi Reserve this weekend. This is a White-eared Puffbird, a rather common species of open areas or forest edge, as is the case here. I’m not sure if I should clone the out-of-focus branch or not. It feels kinda empty without it, while with it it adds some depth to the image… but I’m not sure yet…

White-eared Puffbird (Nystalus chacuru)

I love puffbirds, they are so photogenic and usually stays at the same place for a while, allowing a good approach for photos. Oh and how can one not like the perches you get at Guainumbi… they are by itself a photo subject with all those mosses and epiphytes.

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